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Everything You Need to Know About Hand Hygiene

What is Hand Hygiene? 

Hand hygieneperson practicing effective hand hygiene is the act of cleaning one’s hands to reduce the number of harmful pathogens present. Good hand hygiene prevents the spread of infection and reduces chances of illness whereas poor hand hygiene can encourage germs and bacteria to replicate resulting in a greater spread of infection and disease.

The importance of hand hygiene to reduce the spread of infection has been heightened recently and therefore effective hand hygiene should be encouraged at all times, in every business.  There can be consequences from bad hand hygiene that can affect businesses across the board. Therefore, it’s vital you take necessary precautions to avoid infection within your organization.

Why Hand Hygiene is so Important

With hands being the main pathway for the transmission of harmful germs, practising good hand hygiene is vital. Hand hygiene best practices should be reinforced and encouraged to avoid any risk of ill health both at home and in the workplace, from visitors to customers to employees.

The importance of hand hygiene can often be overlooked, even with the negative consequences brought to light. If people become sick in the workplace then this can lead to more employee sick days and reduced productivity and may result in lower sales, profits and a less engaged workforce.

However, by providing the necessary hand hygiene facilities within your business that encourage good hygiene practices, you can prove to your visitors that you take hygiene seriously and protect all those who come and go.

7 Important Things You Should Know About Hand Hygiene

1. The Spread of Infections

In order to understand why hand hygiene is so important, we must also understand what happens during the process of infection transmission. An infection can occur when a germ enters the body, multiplies and then causes the body to fight and react. In order for the spread of infection to be successful, three stages need to be in place: the source, the human susceptibility and final transmission.

The Source: Virus, Bacteria & Harmful Microbes

image of bacteria Germs can be found everywhere, some surfaces more so than others, for example, wet surfaces, office desks, shopping carts – areas you may not expect and most likely have contact with every day!

The source is important as this is where the initial bacteria or virus lives and can be caught. Good hygiene, including proper cleaning and disinfecting , reduces the number of harmful microbes that live in certain areas to help stop the spread of infection from the start.

Final Transmission

Transmission is the transference of the illness from the carrier onto the susceptible person, whether it be through physical contact, sharps or inhalation.  If we touch an object that has been sneezed on or touched by someone carrying harmful germs, then we could be susceptible to catching an illness ourselves. This is where hand hygiene comes into play. By washing or sanitizing our hands, we can kill any harmful germs that we may have picked up by touching contaminated surfaces or objects.

2. How Can Hand Hygiene Be Performed?

Washing your hands can be one of the easiest yet most important ways to clean off any germs that may cause infections such as the flu or common cold. In fact, 80% of common infections are spread by hand.

In order to practice hand hygiene correctly, it’s vital to understand the correct ways in which you should be washing your hands to reap the benefits.

Whether you’re looking to place essential commercial hand sanitizer solutions around the workplace to protect against infection or commercial soap dispensers that encourage proper hand hygiene, these devices will be your best bet in masking off germs and bacteria.

Both the classic soap and water method and hand washing using sanitizer methods are effective ways to disinfect and clean your hands however they have their differences.

3. How to Wash Your Hands with Soap & Water? 

Germs can get onto your hands throughout the day and therefore handwashing with soap and water can help remove any bacteria and chemicals you may have come into contact with. Here’s the protocol you should take when washing your hands, every time:

  1. Wet your hands with water
  2. Apply a decent amount of effective soap solution to cover your hands
  3. Rub the palm of your hands together
  4. Rub your palms together interlacing your fingers
  5. Rub the back of your hands
  6. Scrub the base of your thumbs
  7. Wash fingernails
  8. Rinse your hands from the soap
  9. Dry your hands thoroughly with hand dryer with a HEPA filter, such as Dyson or clean paper towels

More guidance on how to wash your hands with soap and water can be found in our helpful handwashing poster. This poster can be displayed around your facilities to promote excellent hygiene all year round.

 4. How to Wash Your Hands with Hand Sanitizer?

commercial hand sanitizer for effective hand hygieneIf a soap and water option is unavailable, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol will be your next best option. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers can kill most types of germs found on your hands and can keep you safe from any harmful bacteria throughout the day.

  1. Start with dry, visibly clean, hands
  2. Apply a coin-sized amount of hand sanitizer to the palm of your hand
  3. Rub the hand sanitizer solution into your hands until dry, in a similar motion you would do when washing your hands with soap
  4. Avoid touching anything before your hands are totally dry

By placing hand sanitizer solutions all around your workplace and necessary signage to enforce the importance you can provide peace of mind for your employees and visitors. Surface and hand wipes should also be stocked around the workplace to prevent cross contamination and ensure users have full access to cleaning equipment to feel safe within your facilities.

Download our how to clean your hands with sanitizer poster. 

To further encourage the use of hand sanitizer, it’s also advisable to display ‘Please Use Me,’ posters alongside your sanitizer stations.

5. When Should You Perform Hand Hygiene? 

Hand hygiene should be performed as regularly as possible throughout the day, however, in order to ensure your working facilities are totally free from contamination or bacteria, staff should be encouraged to perform hand hygiene before and after specific daily tasks or occurrences, such as:

  • After coughing or blowing your nose
  • Before and after making or eating food
  • After using the restroom
  • After using your laptop, keyboard or any office facilities
  • After travelling or driving
  • After touching animals
  • After dealing with garbage
  • Before and after treating a cut or a wound
  • Before and after caring for someone who is ill

It’s also advisable to wash your hands regularly especially if you have been into contact with any items that are potentially germ hotspots such as door handles, keyboards, phones and fridge doors.

when to perform hand hygiene graphic

6. How Long Should You Wash Your Hands?

When washing your hands with soap and water, you should be washing for the length of time it takes to sing “Happy Birthday” – twice! In other words, for around 20-30 seconds for the hand washing process to be effective and to reduce the risk of illness.

7. The Difference Between Virus & Bacteria

The main difference between virus and bacteria is the way in which they survive: viruses cannot survive without a host and can only reproduce by attaching themselves to cells whereas bacteria can survive without a host and reproduce by dividing and replicating. Viruses are always harmful and can be very specific on the cells they attack which ends up causing disease, whereas bacteria can either be harmful, or actually beneficial to your health.

Understand the difference between a virus and bacteria and how you can avoid both. 

How to Improve Hand Hygiene in your Organization 

Improving hand hygiene in your facilities can totally transform business results and success. An easy way to encourage excellent hand hygiene standards would be to implement the right facilities in your organization for visitors and employees to utilize. Solutions include providing hand sanitizers in strategically placed locations, automatic soap dispensers in restrooms, hand dryers and paper towels.

If people struggle with proper hand hygiene techniques, then hand hygiene posters are a great way to teach and reinforce correct methods of practicing effective hand hygiene all around your facilities. 

Hand Hygiene Posters & Checklists

Whether you’re looking to maintain hygiene in your organization or looking for ways to improve standards, as experts in hygiene, we want to share our resources with you to better equip your business with the correct hygiene knowledge. This way your staff and visitors can play a part in building a healthier, safer space within your organization.

View and download our free resources and posters that you can display in your business to educate all those who come and go.

Expert Opinions on Hand Hygiene

Hand hygiene is becoming more important than ever in public health especially in today’s current circumstances, as Professor Didier Pittet from the WHO (World Health Organization) reinstates in their global hand hygiene campaign outreach. The WHO have worked hard in sharing preventative measures to promote good hand hygiene and infection control actions reducing the risk of disease especially in healthcare settings.

Proper and washing is one of the most important actions we can take in preventing the spread of bacteria. The CDC have also highlighted just how important washing your hands frequently is in order to prevent illness. It may sound simple but not nearly as many people as you think do it effectively, or at all!

Improve Hand Hygiene in Your Business

Hand washing is fundamental to tackling the spread of infection and so too is hand drying, therefore it’s important that your business provides the right solutions to encourage effective routines.

If you need help with choosing the best hand hygiene solutions for your business speak to the Citron Hygiene team for more information.









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